Expatriates, mostly British or South African, as well as
some white Zambian citizens (about 120,000), live mainly
in Lusaka and in the Copperbelt in northern Zambia, where
they are either employed in mines, financial and related
activities or retired. Zambia also has a small but economically
important Asian population, most of whom are Indians and
Chinese. An estimated 80,000 Chinese are resident in Zambia.
In recent years, several hundred dispossessed white farmers
have left Zimbabwe at the invitation of the Zambian government,
to take up farming in the Southern province.
The culture of Zambia is mainly indigenous Bantu culture
mixed with European influences. Prior to the establishment
of modern Zambia, the indigenous people lived in independent
tribes, each with their own ways of life. One of the results
of the colonial era was the growth of urbanization. Different
ethnic groups started living together in towns and cities,
influencing each other as well as adopting a lot of the
European culture. The original cultures have largely survived
in the rural areas. In the urban setting there is a continuous
integration and evolution of these cultures to produce what
is now called "Zambian culture".
Traditional culture is very visible through colourful annual
Zambian traditional ceremonies. Some of the more prominent
are: Kuomboka and Kathanga (Western Province), Mutomboko
(Luapula Province), Ncwala (Eastern Province), Lwiindi and
Shimunenga (Southern Province), Likumbi Lyamize (North Western),
Chibwela Kumushi (Central Province), Ukusefya Pa Ng’wena
Popular traditional arts are mainly in pottery, basketry
(such as Tonga baskets), stools, fabrics, mats, wooden carvings,
ivory carvings, wire craft and copper crafts. Most Zambian
traditional music is based on drums (and other percussion
instruments) with a lot of singing and dancing. In the urban
areas foreign genres of music are popular, in particular
Congolese rumba, African-American music and Jamaican reggae.
The Zambian staple diet is based on maize. It is normally
eaten as a thick porridge, called Nshima, prepared from
maize flour commonly known as mealie meal. This may be eaten
with a variety of vegetables, beans, meat, fish or sour
milk depending on geographical location/origin. Nshima is
also prepared from cassava, a staple food in some parts
of the country.